Search This Blog

Sunday, September 22, 2013

Ron Lalá Máquina de carcajadas

Seis miembros y dieciséis años de espectáculos basados en la música en directo y la interpretación de textos cómicos con firma de la casa. Es la compañía Ron Lalá, que ahora nos lleva al Barroco con Siglo de oro, siglo de ahora, una máquina de carcajadas.
Siglo de oro, siglo de ahora va de follas. Es una folía, un género basado en las follas antiguas, una especie de mezcla de géneros teatrales utilizada en el teatro popular del Siglo de Oro: el entremés, la jácara, la loa, etc. Todo el texto está escrito según la métrica versal de esos géneros. Y hemos intentado establecer un paralelismo entre la crisis del Barroco, sobre la cual se escribieron innumerables textos, y la crisis que se vive actualmente. Un pelotazo, vamos.
¿Con la ideología ronlalera os referís a esa mezcla de música y teatro cómico que hacéis? El teatro, en sus orígenes, comenzó siendo una conjunción de música, literatura y filosofía, un concepto artístico integral desde el que comunicar. Esto es lo que hace Ron Lalá varios siglos después, pero no desde la premeditación sino desde la confluencia lógica y natural de las herramientas y formación de las que disponen sus integrantes. Un cóctel explosivo afín a las necesidades del público contemporáneo.

La gala "Catalunya aixeca el teló" dóna el tret de sortida a la nova temporada teatral 2013-14, enguany des del Teatre Coliseum de Barcelona.

La trobada, organitzada per ADETCA (Associació d'Empreses de Teatre de Catalunya) i els Teatres Públics de Barcelona, ofereix un tast de totes les propostes que durant la tardor ocuparan els escenaris catalans com  "Ron Lalá", 

 con una original escena del caballero que se enzarza en una absurda discusión con el eco que resuena des del barranco donde se quiere tirar. 
Cliqueu aquí:
http://www.tv3.cat/videos/4677735/Catalunya-aixeca-el-telo
Mireu del minut 26:00 a 30:10.... fin.



Published on Sep 13, 2013
Fragmento del programa de TVE 'Atención obras'. El director de Radio 3, Tomás Fernando Flores hace una recomendación: Ron Lalá. 'Siglo de Oro, Siglo de ahora (folía)'. Que nos deleitan con uno de sus entremeses de la obra que representan actualmente en barcelona y ha conquistado a crítica y público por igual. Los recientes ganadores del Premio Max Mejor empresa o producción privada de artes escénicas. Unos gamberros que veneran la palabra, homenajean a los clásicos y le tienen un profundo respeto a la comedia. Género que elevan hasta lo más alto mientras hacen una critica social.
Como ellos dicen, apaguen sus teléfonos móviles y enciendan su inteligencia.

http://www.ronlala.com/
Guía didáctica DESCARGA GRATUITA

Yayo Cáceres, Juan Cañas, Íñigo Echevarría, Miguel Magdalena, Daniel Rovalher, Álvaro Tato




El meu Nepal en llibres, agost 2013

A partir d'una estada d'un mes al país (agost 2013), hem fet una tria de llibres. Si el que voleu és veure el context del Nepal, veg. la següent entrada: Inside Nepal

Societat
Un estat de 27 milions d'habitants amb 6 milions que viuen fora del país!
- Nepal in transitionVon Einsiedel (ed.), Cambridge University Press, 2012
Fatalism and Development, Dor Bahjadur Dista, Orient Longman, 1991.
- Tarai/Madhesh of Nepal: An Anthropological StudyDeepak Chaudhary2011
Invitation to Love. Literacy, Love Letters, and Social Change in
Nepal, Laura M. Ahearn

Cultura
Culture shock Nepal, J. Burbank. Una bona introducció al país.
- Nepalese book of proverbs, Kesar Lall.  En les dues llengües: nepalí i newari.
- The Nepal festivals, Dhruba Krishna Deep
- Phrasebooks Lonely planet: Nepali

Història

El país es va convertir en república fa 6 anys. 
A history of Nepal, J. Whelpton CUP, 2005
- A history of Nepalese Nationalism,  D. P Ahikari, 1998
- The lives we have lost (essays and opinions on Nepal), M Thapa, Penguin, 2011)
- Living Martyrs. Individuals and Revolution in NepalJames F. Fisher

Política

És un satèl.lit de la India, al costat d'un gegant com la Xina.
Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict in Nepal: Identities and Mobilization after 1990, M. Lawati (ed.), Routledge, 2011
- Regionalism and National unity in Nepal, F. Gaige, 2009
Dalits of Nepal. Towards dignity and citizenship, A. Guneratne, 2010
Democracy in Nepal: four modelsD. Gellner 

Dues notícies des del Nepal sobre el Nepal: 
Faith in revolution
Patriotic plots



Literatura
El més conegut escriptor local, traduït a l'anglès i molt bo: Samrat Upadhyay, amb novel·les com
Buddha's orphansSamrat Upadhyay, Rupa Pub, 2010
- The royal ghosts, Samrat Upadhyay,
Contes:
- Over the mountainsMani Dixit 
- Folk tales from Nepal (collection), Keser Lall
- The stolen image and other stories
 - Myths and legends.

Religió
La religió és hindu, amb molt sincretisme de part del budisme autòcton (no debades Gautama, el Buda, va néixer a Lumbini, un poble al sud del país).
Religious symbols of hinduism, buddhism and  tantrism, T. Majupuria i J. Kumar
- Gods and godesses in a nutshell, T. Majupuria i J. Kumar
- Brief Encyclopedia of Buddhism in Nepal, H. L Singh
Buda de Karen Amstrong. Excellent! Hi ha versió en castellà a la Biblioteca del Casino de Manresa.
- Drawn from original sources, Old Path White Clouds is the beautiful classic recounting of the life and teachings of Gautama Buddha over the course of eighty years.
The cross in the land of the Khukuri, N. Kehrberg. Una visió del cristianisme a Nepal -la terra dels Khukuris o ganivets locals- a partir d'una missionera protestant, entre el 1960 i 1995.

Premsa. 4 diaris en anglès
Una bona manera d'anar entrant a la societat:

Desenvolupament
Salary guide in rupees ( 1 euro = 130 rupee)





Friday, September 20, 2013

inside Nepal



to get some books on Nepal, visit my next  entry
Since consolidating Nepali nationalism implies conserving something that exists, it seems important to enquire into the extent to which the Nepali state/kingdom has evolved into a nation. 

The most important step towards consolidating the Nepali state and nationalism is to end economic exploitation and to bring about social equality. Caste hierarchy also perpetuates economic class division. Nepal’s constitution that gives primacy to one religion and one language, provides substance to the perpetuity of social disparity. A multi-ethnic, multi-linguistic and multi-religious Nepal should have a constitution that is secular. That will be the beginning of national integration.

With the dethroning of the monarchy and the prolonged transition, 

an intense debate is underway, seeking a definition and redefinition of 

nationalism and Nepaliness in an inclusive, federal, democratic, republican New 

Nepal.



Despite the failure of the first CA, and despite disillusionment with politicians, Nepalis are still generally upbeat about elections. In the remaining 60 days of campaigning, there will be intense debate among candidates and the electorate about the kind of Nepal the next CA will, or should, deliver. The contentious issues of secularism and identity-based federalism will once more dominate that discussion. These values were enshrined by the 2006 People’s Movement, the Madhesh Uprising of 2007 and the strong mobilisation by Janajatis and Dalits inside and outside the last Constituent Assembly.
The people from the plains (Terai) advocated for inclusiveness: Madhesis, the Tharus, the Pahadi origin Teraiwasis, everybody.
Hamro Nepal has four goals: (1) federal republic in Nepal, (2) total equality for the DaMaJaMa, Dalit, Madhesi, Janajati, Mahila, (3) double digit economic growth for Nepal, 
and (4) political empowerment of the Nepali diaspora in their immediate countries, which means voting rights in America for the 120,000 Nepalis here

The F-word: Federalism
The CA committee had initially proposed that the country be divided into 14 provinces according to a combination of ethnic identity and economy viability. The conservative parties advocated for six provinces based only on economic viability.
The new CA (to be voted on 19 November ) need to define in 2013, , how many states will have the Nepali federation:  7, 11 or 13?

Zeitgeist. To see the Indian perspective
There are already 28  states: (BBC news) Telangana next season. Since 1956 nearly 13 new states have been created out of old established states.
Across the Hindi belt, the deepening politicisation of lower castes made it harder to hold together large states that had previously been bastions of upper-caste and class dominance.
New battles aheadAcross the Nepal border, at the southeast, there is Gorkhaland, its main city  Darjeeling. Also in the list of new states. And the heart of Gurkha (Nepali) nationalism in the past: "from language we came down to economics and sociology and then the debate turns back to language again".

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_proposed_states_and_territories_of_India


Two ways to face the changes ahead, in Narayan Manandhar's words: 
My old Nepal
Monarchists, royalists, most of the panchas and Hindu fanatics fall into this category. The people in this group basically bask or hark back to (their) good old days. For them ‘old is gold’. They express nationalism in terms of one language, one culture, Nepali daura suruwal, dhaka topi, party-less panchayat system or the king as a symbol of Nepal’s unity and nationalism. The people in this group stress ‘unity in diversity’. Their orientation is the status quo, from which they have long derived maximum benefit.
In contrast to old Nepal, people in this category stress a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-culture and inclusive Nepal. Various movements like that of the Madhesis, Janajatis, women, Kamaiya, Dalits, Muslims and even the Maoist war have laid down a foundation for this variant of nationalism. People in this group stress ‘diversity in unity’. Their basic orientation is change. Much of the present day crisis is due to a clash of values between Old Nepal and New Nepal.

CONCEPTS
The Gorkha power took the central valleys and created a new state. and  The Gurka state, 1787, retained a Hindu character with a civil code (1854) based on the conservative strictures of Manu Smriti. 
Meanwhile the British empire took hold of all the lands around.
It took the name of Nepal from the Kathmandu valley in the 1920 for the nepalisation of the state, amplifying the identification with its people.
In the 1950's took place the identification of one language one state one nation one dress.
At 1955, the literacy rate was extremely low (5%).

Of the 30 languages recognised by the Nepal census, today 80.3 percent of the country’s people speak 14 Indo-Aryan tongues, 17 percent speak 14 Tibeto-Burman languages. Nepali spoken by 50% population at home.

Cultural platitude is only one aspect of Nepal’s neighbourly entanglements. More pervasive are economic domination and political influence of India. Today 25 percent of the Nepali market has Indian currency circulation indicates well the vulnerability of Nepal’s monetary situation.


Until the early 1950s, Chitwan was covered by virgin forests, infested with malaria-carrying mosquitoes. Beginning in the mid-1950s the Nepalese government began a program to clear the forest, eradicate malaria, and distribute cleared land to Gurka settlers from the highlands. 
Nepal’s economy is heavily dependent on remittances by migrant workers as it accounts for 22% of the country’s GDP

National identity
Modern Nepal is only 232 years old since the conquest of Bhaktapur, yet it holds on to the 2000-year-old Vikram Sambat calendar, one which has no link with any indigenous historical event. All calendars are lunar based (on 29 tithis =lunar days, with 354 days in a lunar year)


Country and CALENDAR (sambat). sign of identity: Now it is the year 2070 on the Bikram Sambat.

Nepal Sambat is one among a Newar calendar native to Nepal started in the 

IX century and was used until 1906 CE.

Bikram Sambat came into official use in 1958 as Nepali calendar, which goes 56 years ahead of CE. Before 1958 they used the common calendar of North India shaka Sambat (which started in  year 54 CE).
Quoting D. R. Prasai on its history:
Bikram Sambat was practiced 936 years before Nepal Sambat. Isvi Sambat (AD) was started 57 years after the Bikram Era. The Bikram Sambat is an original and sign of Nepalese sovereignty where the foreigners could not attack here like India, China and Pakistan. 


There is a general misconception that the democratic side is seen to be India-centric, and the Left Sino-centric. In reality, both democratic and communist ideologies came to Nepal through India.
 The indigenous nationalities movement, whose origins and demands are examined here, identifies fifty-nine diverse groups as indigenous nationalities, and since 2005 has mobilized them to revitalize their own cultures and end the domination of the state by high-caste Hindus (about 30%).

Population:

15 million in 1980;  27m  in 2013 ( 3-5m abroad)
In terms of regionwise distribution, 44.5 percent of those who received citizenship cards were from the hills, 38.4 were from the tarai, 8.9 from the inner tarai, and 8.2 percent from the mountains. 
in foreign lands:  5.5 m in India 1m Gulf states, 650.000 Malaysia, 100.000 in Korea

The Foreign Employment Department’s recent 

statistics show over 1,300 Nepalis are leaving the 

country for employment every day.

Treaty Revision. The Treaty of Peace and Friendship, 1950, between Nepal and India was signed in extraordinary circumstances. 
According to Article 6 of the Treaty, each country commits to according national treatment to the citizens of the other. Article 7 provides equal rights to citizens of both countries when it comes to residence, right of property, trade and movement.
 Article 8, too, makes Nepal nothing more than an Indian hinterland, or a decoration on the map.